Embroidery is a technology for printing on fabric which is done using a machine and a computer so it is often called machine embroidery or computer embroidery. In general, this and the other name is true only by 50% because with this printing technology the work is divided into two parts: the first one is the creation of a computer program, and the second one is embroidery with the help of a machine. In this article we will deal with most of the nuances of this technology.
The first stage of the embroidery involves drawing the layout in the program, where the colors are translated into stitches which are made with threads of different colors. The vector layouts are best for creating a program because all their edges are even not rough. However, the raster layout may be appropriate but it takes much longer to process the edges in order to form a clear embroidery map for the machine.
All models used in the embroidery are made in special programs, there are about a dozen of them so there is no sense in making the list. But these are not standard graphic editors but the special software. The person who works in these programs is called a puncher, they are designers. To create an embroidery program, at times, it takes more time than further work with the machine. The average time to create a program is 1-2 hours but there are complex layouts that can take 5-6 hours for a puncher. Therefore, when ordering small runs or processing the complex layouts, the price of the work of the puncher is added to the cost of the work itself.
The second stage of the embroidery is to work on the embroidery machine itself. The main components of such a machine is the size of the hoop and working needles. The hoop is the surface on which the material is fixed for the subsequent work. The size of the hoop limits the embroidery area, however there is an end-around. The standard hoop size is 2*30 cm but the experienced workers are able to drag the material in such a way that the embroidery pattern is not distorted and can make any size. But it is very difficult and expensive work, applied for the exclusive products.
The needles on the machines allow you to embroider each one with their own thread color, therefore the color of the pattern depends on the number of the needles. The standard number of the needles is 6 pieces but there are also 12 needles, and again the experienced employees can re-thread the needles in such a way that they do 32-color embroidery without disturbing the layout. The number of the needles, the size of the hoop and the speed of the machine depends on the model and the brand of the manufacturer, there are more than 5 dozens of them, so it makes no sense to enumerate the names again.
To fully understand the process of the embroidery, it is worthwhile to understand what materials are suitable for the embroidery and what are the limitations and difficulties. Almost any material is suitable for the embroidery, except for the strong-lining synthetics and the fine delicate fabrics. The problem with making the embroidery on such fabrics is that the embroidery frame cannot firmly grip the fabric and it can fidget along the surface and instead of a circle you will get an oval. And it happens so that the hoop is so tightly clamped that a trace remains on the fabric which is then not smoothed out. But again there is a way out, in all cases, white material is placed under the fabric of interfacing which is called the stabilizer. You can put it in and you can stick it, if you stick it on synthetics, it stops pulling and you can safely do the work. The material itself after work remains on the upside-down side of the product, let it not scare you, it is soaked after 1-3 washes and can be easily removed, and after 10 washes it will be removed by itself.
Other difficulties are caused by the embroidery on the ready-made products and not on the cut ones. The difficulty is to securely fasten the item on the hoop. It happens that they get a thick seam or pocket, and this makes it difficult to firmly fix the material and it turns out a fault. The seams and unevenness of the material on the working surface, on the contrary, are not a big problem. The needles are sewn so hard that sometimes plastic buttons are punched through, the problem is only in aesthetic form, the pattern on the seams of the cap, for example, may not be as attractive as on a smooth surface. In general, the harder and denser the material is, the easier it is to work with it.
The last thing you need to pay attention to is the technical features of the embroidery and its restrictions. The embroidery is best done to the height of the letters which are at least 5 mm, if less, then in such letters as "o" there will not be a noticeable inner hole, it will turn into a wholesome point. Also, the thickness of the lines in the logo or the text should not be less than 1 mm. Some of the layouts we have to adjust to get the image right, all these adjustments are agreed with the customer.
The last thing worth knowing is the formation of the price of the embroidery. The price of the embroidery in each case is calculated individually, the main parameter is the number of the stitches. The more stitches there are, the higher the cost is. However, the complexity of the work also affects the price; the harder it is to fill the material in the hoop, the higher the price is. The thinner the fabric, the harder it is to fill and properly embroider, the higher the price gets. The more circulation - the lower the price is. On a flat material, such as a T-shirt, the price is lower than on a cap. The number of the colors rarely affects the price, if there are no more than 6 of them, if there are more, there is a rise in the price. In general, to form a price and clear prices for embroidery is difficult, so each time there is an individual miscalculation.
The embroidery is used for printing on T-shirts, tops, polo, raglans, caps, aprons, towels, pillows, hats. It is used in chevrons, flags, pennants, scarves, laces, tags, bags and other products.
Thus, let’s summarize the technology of the embroidery:
- The difficult stage of the preparation of the program for the machine, sometimes long and expensive for the small runs.
- It is difficult to do on some types of the ready-made clothes or thin and synthetic fabrics, if the problem is to fix it in the hoop.
- Restriction for the full-color images, it is possible to embroider in colors, usually up to 6 colors.
- Prestigious appearance due to the volume and the brightness of the thread.
- Durability, embroidery does not wash out and does not fade, probably the most durable print for clothes.
- An opportunity to work with almost any fabrics, overalls, belts and other dense products.
In our advertising agency ‘Vmeste’ you can order the computer embroidery services and our specialists approach each order individually and attentively.
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